How to check if a user is root

Check for the user identifier: $EUID. root is always 0.

if [[ $EUID -ne 0 ]]; then
   echo "This script must be run as root" 
   exit 1

$EUID -ne 0 basically means if user is not root

The following script will use the whoami command to see what user you are. If you are root, it’ll continue running the script. If not, it’ll exist the script telling you that you are not root and need to use sudo.


owner=$(who am i | awk '{print $1}')
if [ "$(whoami)" != 'root' ]; then
  	echo "You don't have permission to run $0 as non-root user. Use sudo"
	exit 1;